All testing is done onsite
For obvious reasons, a general physical examination should be performed by a veterinarian. Review of diet, supplements if any recommended, expectations and any lifestyle changes should be discussed during this exam
General labwork will reveal the organ function and health of the internal organs; also important for anesthesia in the event a c-section is necessary. Medications given for anesthesia are primarily synthesized by the kidneys and or the liver; knowing if there are any restrictions for medication use based on organ health is very important in a successful recovery of any patient.
A sexually transmitted disease that can cause abortion, infertility and is highly contagious to other animals and humans should be tested for at the time of ovulation in the bitch and prior to live cover or collection of the male. Testing is sent to Cornell University and return or results is typically 3-5 days.
This is a deadly and preventable disease. The following are safe and recommended by Dr. Salvo for use in pregnant, lactating bitches, stud and puppies at 6 weeks: Heartgard; Can be ordered here: ( a patient physical exam and negative heartworm test is required) : https://acuvetdoc.securevetsource.com/itemView/view/219856_Home.pml?productId=98309
Fleas and ticks can cause a multitude of diseases that can ultimately lead to anemia, paralysis, and death. The following are safe for use in pregnant, lactating bitches , stud and puppies at 24 weeks: Bravecto : https://acuvetdoc.securevetsource.com/itemView/view/219856_Home.pml?productId=134282
There are a variety of machines on the market. I have purchased the at home machine (found online under various names such as fincare) the Idexx Catalyst and the most clinically advanced Tosoh to compare numbers of the same sample across all three machines. What I found was that the in home machine gave various numbers of the same sample when tested three times. The idexx catalyst has a wide reference range and the Tosoh gave the most consistent results with the tightest reference range.
Generally 5-7 days from first vulvar discharge except for those that have short cycles, therefore should be started 3- 5days from first vulvar discharge
Large Breed Dogs: 150 million minimum.
Medium : 100 million minimum
Small: 100 million minimum
Less than 20% morphlogical defects
Progressive Motility greater that 70%
* MOTILITY is NOT the same as PROGRESSIVE MOTILITY!!
Motility is movement…progressive motility is movement is a forward
direction: we want forward movers not ‘ spinners’
Infection within the uterus ; often life threatening. Medical attention by a veterinarian should be sought asap. There are two types of pyometra ( closed and open), where one type allows the uterus to fill with infectious discharge and does not leak out of the body, and the other fills with infectious discharge and is expelled through the vulvar folds. Pyometra is most common with a bitch in heat cycle, during pregnancy or in older females. Learn more about Pyometra here : Pyometra
Timing of planned c-section should be done approximately 63 days from the day of LH surge or 2 days prior to ovulation. This is when to schedule c-section, but may not be when surgery occurs; this should be based on the below options.
PROGESTERONE Testing: Easiest. Level below 2ng/ml are recommended for successful c-section. Levels above this number place the puppies at risk for lack of development and increases the chance of death
X-RAY; moderate difficulty; showing FETAL dentition
ULTRASOUND; most difficult and requires the most skill level; accurately accessing FETAL kidney development and gut movement .
EMERGENCY: Veterinary Emergency Group: 561- 752-3232
1. MorsVet: Dr. Cesar Morales ; 305-308-4767
2. Animal Medical Clinic: Dr. Simmons ; 561-790-3555
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